29 Apr Types of Prescription Drug Abuse
As quickly as researchers are discovering new medications to help treat illness, people are finding new ways to abuse prescription drugs. Prescription drug abuse is defined as using a medication in any way other than how it was prescribed by a doctor. Prescription drug abuse can include :
Taking a higher dosage than directed
Using medications when you’re not sick
Using medications to treat a different illness or injury than the medicine was prescribed for
Taking drugs that were prescribed for someone else
Each category of prescription drugs comes with its own set of risks associated with use, which are compounded when they are used improperly.
Opioids and Morphine Derivatives: This group of drugs is primarily used to relieve pain and includes OxyContin, morphine, and codeine, among others. A person who abuses opioids will have a sense of euphoria and pain relief. They may also experience drowsiness, nausea, dizziness, confusion, weakness, and other negative side effects. This group of drugs carries the highest risk for building a tolerance and developing dependency. They also suppress the nervous and respiratory systems, which can lead to a lowered pulse and blood pressure and a slowing or cessation of breathing, which can cause coma or death.
Depressants: Sleep aids, barbiturates, and benzodiazepines are meant to aid in relaxation and relieve anxiety and sleep disorders. They give a person a sense of well being, but can also cause slurred speech, lowered inhibitions, and problems with concentration, coordination, and memory. Abusing these drugs can lead to addiction, lowered respiratory and circulatory functions, and death.
Stimulants: Amphetamines and methylphenidate are components in a variety of medications used to treat anything from ADHD to the common cold. They can cause increased energy, alertness, and a feeling of exhilaration. These drugs are often abused on their own and in conjunction with other ingredients to create the illegal drug meth. Side effects associated with abuse include panic, paranoia, insomnia, seizures, weight loss, increased heart rate, rapid breathing, and death.
Abusing prescription drugs puts users at a great risk for a slew of side effects that can be permanent and life threatening. The drugs can be swallowed, chewed, or injected, with injection putting users at risk for contracting HIV/AIDS. Many people who abuse prescription drugs feel like they are not in danger because they are taking an FDA approved medication, but prescription drug abuse can be just as dangerous as illegal drug use.
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